Tajikistan is a small landlocked country in the heart of Central Asia, with a majority of its population living in rural areas, highly susceptible to natural disasters such as floods, landslides, and droughts. Only 7 percent of its total land area of 143,000 square kilometres is arable and low agricultural productivity leaves those below the poverty line – particularly women, who have experienced lower rates of poverty reduction than men – vulnerable to shocks and stresses.
It is in the context of this reality that Tajikistan's National Development Strategy until 2030 together with the National Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation (expected 2018) both outline the urgent need to engage in efforts that promote sustainable and resilient economic growth. To ensure food security and contribute to poverty reduction in a changing climate, land-based solutions for people and their environment are essential.
The Eurasia Foundation of Central Asia – Tajikistan uses a mixed-method approach in addressing climate change induced vulnerabilities for rural populations. We believe that building capacity of beneficiaries is key to ensuring that projects in support of climate resilience are sustainable. Capacity building is not limited to the use of new agricultural technologies and techniques, but also encompasses having a holistic understanding of the economic, legal and social opportunities and responsibilities such projects entail for those living in rural areas, contributing to food security, economic well-being, reducing soil erosion and reducing risks of natural disasters.
The Environmental Land Management and Rural Livelihoods Project, implemented by the Committee for Environmental Protection of the Republic of Tajikistan has supported rural populations in investments for climate resilience. EFCA - Tajikistan has been tasked to building capacity of ELMARL beneficiaries to close existing knowledge gaps on Economic, Social and Legal issues to sustain sub-project impacts on rural livelihoods.
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EFCA-Tajikistan supported twelve initiatives to reduce soil erosion and increase productivity of the land.